PASSAGE – 4 Minutes
In 1996, groundwork laid by the organisation paved the way for new laws giving tribal communities — who previously had limited rights to resources on communal lands — the ability to form conservancies and self-manage their wildlife.
“We wanted to show them that they could benefit financially from keeping these animals alive, in particular from wildlife tourism,” said Mr. Kasaona, who would spend years canvassing the countryside, explaining the model village by village. “Try convincing people who were made these same promises years ago by a colonial regime and then robbed of their land,” he said. “At first, no one trusted us.”
In the years since, the plan has been a resounding — and rare — success story for African wildlife. Seventy-nine conservancies now cover a full 20 per cent of Namibia. Populations of desert lions, desert elephants and black rhinos, all threatened with extinction in the early 1990s, have increased several times over, while poaching has plummeted. (One rhino was poached in Namibia last year, compared with 668 in neighbouring South Africa.) Meanwhile, conservancies throughout the country have teamed up with international tourism operators, giving ordinary travellers unprecedented access to both animals and local culture.
But an increase in wildlife — and tourists — has brought a new and unexpected set of challenges. “We’re having some problems with our own success,” said Mr. Kasaona, who grew up herding goats in Kaokoland and whose family members still live a pastoral life there. “As we say, lions and cattle aren’t always best friends.”
Nearly half of all Namibia’s conservancies, and many of the country’s most ambitious community tourism projects, are in the northern Kunene region (which includes Kaokoland), an expanse of dry mountains and valleys the size of Greece but with fewer than 90,000 inhabitants. Against a harsh backdrop, conservancies have logged one of their greatest successes, the return of the endangered black rhino.
Source – The Hindu
Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions
I. The passage tries to indicate that,
a) Wildlife can be best conserved if enough profit is shared with local people from the proceeds of tourism profits
b) forming local conservancies and giving them managerial powers through laws has boosted the wildlife tourism
c) giving local people rights to access resources in their regions and showing them the importance of preserving wildlife has succeeded in bringing win win situation for wildlife and people
d) All the three statement are correct
II. But an increase in wildlife — and tourists — has brought a new and unexpected set of challenges. What does the statement imply?
a) That the local people are unable to manage the new found wealth effectively
b) That increase in the wildlife and tourist number has affected their privacy
c) That their cattle are now vulnerable to preying by wild animals whose number has increased many times
d) That local people are scared about their lives as increase in lion numbers has threatened their lives
REASONING – 3 minutes
Five women decided to go to shopping to M.G Road, Bangalore. They arrived at the designated meeting place in the following order. 1. Archana 2. Chellamma 3. Dhenuka 4. Helen 5. Sahnaz.
Each women spent Atleast Rs. 1000. Below are some additional facts about how much they spent during their shopping spree.
The women who spent Rs 2234 arrived before the lady who spent Rs1193
One women spent Rs 1340 and she was not Dhenuka
One woman spent Rs 1378 more than Chellamma
One woman spent Rs 2517 and she was not Archana
Helen spent more than Dhenuka
Shahnaz spent the largest amount and Chellamma the smallest.
1. The woman who spent Rs 1193 is
2. What was the amount spent by Helen?
3. Which of the following amounts was spent by one of them?
SOLUTIONS DAY – 4